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Knowledge Base Enrollment Web Browser Viewing - MS Edge

MS Development Platforms

Design, Coding, and Debugging

Microsoft Development Platforms Open Standards and OSS MS Azure Cloud
Mobile Devices MS Visual Studio MS Development Training by SYS-ED
Distance-learning MS Windows Mobile and Cross Platform Development Training Programs

MS Application
Development Schedule
XML Schedule

ASP.NET, Azure, C#, Document DB, IIS: Internet Information Server, .NET, PowerShell, SharePoint, SQL Server, VB.NET, Visual Basic, Visual C++, Windows 7, 8, and 10, Windows 2000 Server, Windows Phone, Windows Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019, Windows Mobile, Windows Vista, Windows XP, and Xamarin are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

Microsoft .net is the registered trademark associated with the intellectual property and software copyright of Microsoft Corporation. In order to distinguish the SYS-ED training service from Microsoft certification, the Computer Education Techniques course search engine and SYS-ED websites spells lower case "dot net" .NET in all upper case.

The SYS-ED course search engine entries for Microsoft software will be posted in the third quarter of 2019.

Courseware for Teaching - Microsoft Development Platforms
Courseware for Teaching
Cloud Programming
Open Source Software GSA Submission

Application Development in Hybrid and Open Source Environments

Microsoft Development Platforms

A fundamental shift is underway at Microsoft Corporation. Changes in customer computing requirements, advancements in technology, and software being marketed in conjunction with vertically integrated hardware in global markets, have all contributed to a decline in the relative position and impact of several Microsoft software products. Unlike its first quarter century of business Microsoft, must now defend declining and static market share with the Windows family of operating systems, Internet Explorer web browser, MS Office Suite desktop applications, and MS SQL Server database. Microsoft is pursuing parallel paths with its software and service initiatives based upon an entirely new set of assumptions. Its a response to the viability and growth of freeware and open source software, increased use of software as a service, emergence of cloud computing, and Amazon and Google business models.

Microsoft .NET Foundation

Development Tools   Office Development
Framework Technologies   Servers and Enterprise Development
Managed Libraries   Web Development
  Online Services  
  Down Arrow Down Arrow  
  Azure   Bing  

Microsoft remains committed to the Windows family operating system franchise and upgrading its programming language and development platforms. In the early 1990ís Microsoft Corporation adapted the C, C++, and BASIC programming languages into its commercial Windows development platforms, Visual Studio, and SDKs. The software was well received, extensively utilized, and commanded a leading share of their respective markets. Twenty or so years later, there is a requirement for maintenance programming with MS Visual C++ and Visual Basic and transitioning to a web-based architecture: .NET, Java, and hybrid open source. In conjunction with manual coding, refactoring tools are being used.  Visual Studio was a significant application development initiative undertaken by Microsoft. The assumption is that Microsoft will use MS Azure, Windows Server 2016, and SharePoint 2016 to leverage and extend its .NET platform. 1

Open Standards and OSS: Open Source Software

Since the departure of chief executive officer Steve Ballmer, there has been an acceleration in the acceptance of open source software by Microsoft. In the fourth quarter 2014, Satya Nadella, his successor, stated that Microsoft loves Linux. Microsoft has been investing and developing resources to build support for Linux and other open source technologies in its Windows 10 operating system, Windows Server networking operating system/hypervisor, Visual Studio / .NET platform, SQL Server, and Azure cloud computing platform.

Linux Foundation GitHub OData - Open Data Protocol jQuery Mobile and json.Net

Microsoft contributes and participates in open source committees, projects, and developing open standards. In the fourth quarter 2016, Microsoft joined the Linux Foundation as a platinum member. GitHub is replacing CodePlex as Microsoft Corporation's open source software sharing. Microsoft has a large number of contributors and provides free access to resources through download areas, communication forums and product information. Microsoft is on the Open Daylight board and technical steering committee; it has full-time developers assigned to the project.

jQuery provides dynamic user experience in a web browser. jQuery Mobile is a HTML5-based user interface system designed to make responsive web sites and apps that are accessible on all smartphone, tablet and desktop devices. Microsoft JSON.NET is a high performance framework. Itís featureset includes LINQ to JSON for reading and writing and bi-directional JSON conversion to XML.

The Microsoft development now environment reflects the commitment and strategic importance of open source software. Visual Studio supports Linux; applications can be run in both Windows and Linux environments. Microsoft released PowerShell for Linux to provide tools that manage systems outside the Windows environment. MS Windows and Azure support both Docker and Kubernetes container management.  MS SQL Server on Linux will enable data exchange with Windows Server on premises or through the cloud.  This has led to increased interoperability with products offered by hardware and software companies and OSS purveyors.

Open Source Software - Market and Competition

Information technology demographics have been driving data center diversity, cost reduction - ip: intellectual property, and complexity in IT infrastructure: commodity hardware, open protocols/open source projects, mergers, and acquisitions. There are very few organizations exclusively using the Microsoft operating system and development stack. Departments within large companies have mixed workloads: .NET and Linux/Java. There are Apache web servers and LAMP scripts being used with MS SQL Server or Active Directory for security and authentication. Microsoft's reluctant acceptance of Linux-variant environments started in 2008 by having MS Hyper-V and System Center tools operate with the open source environment. Without doing so, Microsoft would not be able to properly support and meet the requirements of MS Windows and .NET users.

Microsoft has been responding to changes in the market and its own client base. Increasingly choice is being offered to corporate IT executives and developers concerned with lock-in a single vendor's software stack where a programming language could dictate other decisions for operating systems, databases and cloud. At its 2016 Build developer conference, Microsoft introduced Windows Subsystem for Linux; this allows Ubuntu binaries to execute using the Bash shell in Windows 10; Linux tools can be used alongside Windows utilities without a reboot or launching a virtual machine. IBM, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, and Oracle have been offering proprietary products blended with open source. Microsoft practical response is Linux versions of MS .NET and Visual Studio.

The adoption of Linux by Microsoft has boosted confidence in blending Windows-based technologies with existing and new internally developed open source projects. Open source software has had a positive impact on the bottom line and Wall Street valuation. Microsoft is far more competitive in a heterogeneous environments enterprise client base with mobile devices and movement to cloud computing platforms. It also has been important in re-engaging and attracting the developer community.

MS Azure Cloud

Microsoft has been developing its Azure cloud platform to compete with AWS: Amazon Web Services. The benefits of speed and efficiency in conjunction with a reduced costs in cloud computing are compelling reasons for organizational enterprise to forego making large capital investment in hardware, software, and data center plant; this is an attractive alternative to owning and managing servers and storage arrays. According to IDC, cloud infrastructure will continue expanding at the rate of 30% through 2018 1. The Microsoft business model, marketing and distribution of bundled MS operating systems, servers, databases, and software in data centers was inadequate to compete in cloud computing with Amazon and Google. Since 2015, Microsoft executives have responded by promoting a cloud-first mobile computing experience where there is the flexibility to interact and get things done from anywhere on any device with Microsoft software.

Microsoft supports several distributions of Linux for its Azure cloud environment including CentOS, Oracle Linux, RHEL: Red Hat Linux, SUSE Linux, and Ubuntu. Supporting Linux and MS Windows equally, inclusive of integration, and open source software has allowed a client to select the operating system and hardware. Moving to the cloud can eliminate the tasks and complexity in finding the right hardware drivers and BIOS updates and getting them to run properly. The capability to run Linux containers in Azure allows MS Windows workloads to be integrated and extended with open source software with the Microsoft platform. Data marketing studies indicate a growing number of non-Windows workloads going up in Azure.

Microsoft continues to develop its cloud platform and both .NET and OSS: frameworks - DocumentDB, VM: virtual machines, MS hypervisor, container support, and key management encryption. Azure customers can use the Docker engine on Ubuntu images through the Azure Marketplace. Docker is supported in MS Windows 10 / MS Windows Server 12/16. There is key management for client centralized control to encrypt data with asymmetric keys in Hardware Security Modules. From 2015 to 2017, there has been a sizeable increase in MS Azure sales volume. In terms of market share, the Microsoft Azure platform is second to AWS: Amazon Web Service and ahead of the Google and IBM cloud platforms.

Mobile Devices - Windows Phone and Tablets

Microsoft has been criticized for its failure to read changing trends in the market and inability to deliver software and developer platforms and meet consumer requirements. Microsoft introduced an app marketplace for the Windows Phone platform to compete with the Apple iPhone and Android operating systems. Towards that end, Microsoft has been working with partner developers to build mobile applications for the new devices. The leading development platforms are Apple iPhone and open source Google Android. Both had a headstart on Microsoft in terms of applications already on the market, distribution channels, and market share. A high percentage of young software developers have elected to embrace open source software. From a practical standpoint, Microsoft has been attempting to catch up.

Microsoft has been committing resources to become a significant player in smartphone and tablet computing devices. There are hundreds of thousands of apps that run on the Apple iOS iPhone and iPad platform and Google Android handset devices that will not work on phones that use Microsoftís Windows Phone operating system. In the fourth quarter 2011, Microsoft Phone 7 had minimal consumer acceptance and market share. There was reluctance by third party developers to devote resources into coding phone apps for Microsoft smartphones. Often the issue was not outright refusal by a developer, but more that the Microsoft platform is not a bottom line priority. To address this problem, Microsoft has been using financial and promotional incentives to initiate the development of Windows Phone versions of well known apps. This tactic underscores the strong positions of Apple and Google, neither pay independent third parties for web app development. According to Microsoft marketing executives, this was part of a commitment to expand its web app catalog. In April 2012, Apple Corporation had 600,000 apps and Google Corporation 400,000 apps in their respective app stores. Microsoft only had approximately 70,000 apps in its app store. This position in mobile apps contrasts with Microsoft's marketing leading position in the 1980ís and 1990ís. Microsoft leveraged its MS Windows operating system for promoting independent software companies to make Windows the primary operating system for application development. This influence began to weaken with the onset of the Internet era of web development as more companies began to design services and products that ran through web browsers.  This trend accelerated as creative developer talent shifted toward smartphone and iPad applications. 

In the first quarter of 2012, Microsoft bought a minority position in the Barnes and Noble Nook e-reader. The Nook utilizes a specialized version of the open source Google Android operating system. In 2014, Microsoft acquired the Nokia cell phone division for $9.5 billion. The Nokia Lumia 900 smartphone featured the MS Phone operating system. Both were part of an effort to become a major player in the market dominated by the Apple and Google. Microsoft efforts have had some impact, developers have reported that between 5 and 10 percent of total requests are now for Windows Phone apps. However, it did not translate into profitable market share in mobile devices. The decline in Microsoft's position in increasingly mobile information processing was reflected in the installed web browsers. At its peak, when IE: Internet Explorer was bundled in MS Windows 90% of desktops and laptops used the Microsoft web browser. With the explosive growth of mobile computing, Microsoft IE and Edge are installed on approximately 30% of all PCs, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. Open source and cross platform Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox web browsers combined, have a larger installed market share than the MS IE web browser.

The Microsoft strategy has been re-evaluated and modified by CEO Satya Nadella to concentrate on a handful mobile devices to demonstrate and promote its software platform for partner relationships and third party manufacturers. The release of the Windows 8 was a major problem which greatly contributed to its failure in the mobile device market. MS Phones and Windows 8 tablet sales were disappointing. The improvement and release of MS Windows 10, with the new Edge web browser and Surface tablet, was central to refocusing and positioning for gaining traction in mobile devices. This time it was targeted both to the Microsoft platform - software and hardware and the leading platforms - commerical Apple iOS, open source - Android, and hybrid cross development. Microsoft has written down almost its entire investment in Nokia. With Windows 10, applications written for Windows desktops also will work Microsoft smartphones and tablets.

In 2016, Microsoft acquired the Xamarin mobile app development platform. Xamarin enables developers to create native cross-platform apps for iOS and Android using C#. The Xamarin Live Player allows developers to connect a MS Windows PC to an Apple iPhone or iPad and test and debug the app natively. This removes the requirement to have the MS Windows PC on a WiFi network as a Mac with the Xcode IDE: integrated development environment. The Microsoft .NET ecosystem is supported by IBM; this allows a large enterprise client base to use the Xamarin app-building toolset with IBM Mobile. Xamarin can be used in conjunction with the IBM Bluemix PaaS: platform as a service.

MS Visual Studio

Visual Studio device development is performed using data designers, user interface designers, and a debugger. Support is included for a developer to view application presentations across different screen orientations, resolutions, and devices.  A consistent API in the Windows Mobile family allows a single application to run across Windows Mobile devices independent of the device manufacturer or mobile operator.  All Windows Mobile devices have the .NET Compact Framework Service Pack installed in ROM. This provides a consistent target platform for managed application deployment.  Most core device features expose managed APIs - messaging, telephony, and Outlook Mobile. This serves to make them directly accessible from managed code.

Testing can be performed at the device level; this includes emulation states such as transitions between AC power and battery power and changes in battery charge level. Applications can be tested across a range of device form factors without having to purchase the device.  An application's behavior can be tested with Device Emulator in different cellular scenarios: incoming phone calls, incoming SMS messages, dropped phone calls, and dropped data connectivity.  A GPS: Global Position System provides for the testing of location-enabled applications without needing access to a GPS device.

For Fortune 1000 companies, government municipalities, and healthcare providers, there are a number of considerations that need to be evaluated as part of expanding a Microsoft code base, updating an information technology infrastructure, and developing application software to meet client requirements.

Developing, Generating, and Deploying the Code

Facility Functionality
Support for Multi-Monitor Provides an organized approach to using designers and editors simultaneously for writing application code.
SharePoint Development There are collaboration tools for web parts, lists, workflows, and events.
Windows Development Built-in tools are available for the MS Windows interface.
Deployment Tools Web applications can be distributed into a production environment: the code, IIS: Internet Information Server settings, and database schema transferred to the target server.

Testing and Debugging

Facility Functionality
Workflow and Guidance Test planning can be started in the architecture and designing stages. Test plans, test suites, and test cases with nesting capabilities can be created.
Coded UI Testing Automates user interface testing in web and Windows-based applications. Regression tests can be used to ensure that subsequent changes to the code do not break sections that already work.
Code Analysis Tools Tools can be used to ensure that common coding errors are identified and corrected. Code metrics lead to a reduction in the complexity of the code and improving maintainability.

Microsoft Development Platform Training by SYS-ED

SYS-ED system consultants designed and coded the first generation of C, C++, and Visual Basic programs. This foundation and expertise is used to train employees from Fortune 1000 companies, government municipalities, and healthcare providers to upgrade and migrate an existing investment in client/server infrastructure to .NET, and mobile device web apps.

Where SYS-ED excels is in providing educational consultancy - code reengineering, structured analysis, structured design, and structured programming. We provide coding, debugging, and optimization guidelines which are essential for meeting project deadlines. SYS-ED receives requests from software companies to train their software engineers and clients. Consulting companies have called upon SYS-ED training services for guidelines in repurposing information technology infrastructure to new development platforms. We selectively accept these assignments. It is our standard policy to qualify an assignment; review client documentation and standards, and incorporate that content into code snippets, examples, skeleton programs, and machine exercises. Few software or consulting companies have been teaching Microsoft development platforms longer or better in hybrid information technology than SYS-ED.

Courseware for Teaching

The courseware used in SYS-ED courses consists of student handouts, training aids, and industry-specific examples and exercises. At the client discretion,a textbook and accompanying presentation slides can be utilized. The CETi knowledge base aggregates and analyzes information in the public domain. It also is a service for reviewing and answering questions. Content selectively is added to courseware.

MS Client / Server Programming

C Programming
C++ Language
MS Windows Programming
MS SQL Server
MS ASP/ASP.NET Programming
MS Scripting


MS Distance-learning Courses

MS .NET Framework Extended
Web Technology and Tools
MS .NET Programming
MS SharePoint
MS Phone and Mobile
Google Application Development
XML Platform

Distance-learning Service

SYS-ED's distance-learning training service is 65% lecture with a course handout, pre and post course assessment, review questions, examples, workshops, and website support services.

Distance-Learning Service

Enrollment requires a consultatation with the manager sending the employee for the training. The prospective trainee needs to be qualified for the course and service transmission to the client location tested: bandwidth, firewall, base operating system, software requirements, web browser, and set up of hands-on machine exercises. SYS-ED reserves the right to deny enrollment in its courses.

Web-based Training Services

Experience and Clients

MS Applications Development Training
Web-based Training Service
MS Programming Languages
MS .NET Platform
XML Platform
Instructor Training Program

SYS-EDís MS application development courses have been developed based upon the application of adult learning theory and the standards of the New York State Department of Education. SYS-EDís training extends Microsoft's content and incorporates our own consultancy derived examples and guidelines. When SYS-ED can not warranty a superior training outcome, then we will politely turn down an assignment.

In order to address the maintenance and migration of first generation client/server development languages to hybrid information technology environments - open source XML and Java with commercial MS .NET, SYS-ED's training melds industry standard content with client-specific examples, sample programs, and exercises.

  • Transitioning from older versions of Microsoft development platforms to .NET.
  • Migrating and upgrading applications from the client/server to the emerging SOA: service oriented architecture standard.
  • Explanation of the protocols serving as the foundation of web services and its utilization with .NET.
  • Examine application architecture and code and how it maps to the business and information technology infrastructure.
  • Evaluate the integrity of a client's existing inventory of applications as part of preparing for modernization.
  • Demonstration of the interoperability of .NET with Java and identification of pitfalls in relation to the source documentation.

SYS-ED has been conducting courses in the public domain since 1980; however, there have been changes in the laws and regulations governing computer training in the state of New York. The schedule on our websites reflects a projected time frame for licensure with the New York State Department of Education - Bureau of Proprietary School Supervision and submission and approval of curriculum.

MS Windows Mobile and Cross Platform Development

MS Windows 10 was launched in July 2015; there was a 12 month free upgrade from MS Windows 7 and 8; that option is no longer available. Applications written for Windows desktops also now work on smartphones and tables. UWP: Universal Windows Platform was released in conjunction with MS Windows 10. It improves upon and replaces the Universal Windows from Windows 8.1. UWP is a unified ecosystem for developing applications that can run across a range of Windows 10 devices. A programmer can create Windows 10 applications which adapt automatically to their environments. The base operating system of all the MS Windows 10 devices is the same. A single core version supports a common set of application programming interfaces across all devices. Developers do not need to build different versions of their applications for different Windows 10 devices. This augments APIs specific to the device type.

The UWP platform defines the entire application lifecycle: deployment, installation, and updating. Administrators and developers also can use UWP to control an app's runtime, manage resources, and define the data model. A UWP app can be published to the Windows Store for distribution and updating. An app requires only a single development package to run on MS Windows-based desktops, smartphones, and Surface tablet. Developers create a single application project in Visual Studio. A UWP app can run on devices with different input modalities and form factors. UWP projects support Microsoft Visual C++, C#, and Visual Basic. Open source languages and APIs also are supported: JavaScript. XAML files can provide a native UI experience.

The universal MS Windows 10 applications use the Windows 10 APIs; Windows Runtime and Windows Library for JavaScript have been combined into a single UWP software developer's kit. New MS Windows APIs are made part of UWP to promote code that should run on both PCs and mobile devices. A device family is a set of APIs specific to a device type. As part of the app-building process, developers specify one or more device amilies for their apps to run on. The Universal device family includes a set of APIs available to all Windows 10 devices. Child device families add their own APIs specific to the device type. Developers select the device families to be included in their application packages. It can be the Universal device family, one or more child device families, or a combination of both.

Microsoft has been releasing UWP bridge toolkits for commercial software and open source platforms. Platforms can be integrated with the UWP and Win32-based apps published with package websites to the Windows Store.  Google Android developers can build apps that run on Windows 10 smartphones from within Android development environments. Apple iOS developers can build UWP apps in Visual Studio 2015 with existing Objective-C code.

MS Windows Style Applications
XAML   C Language    
  C++ Language   HTML
  C#.NET   JavaScript
Communication   Graphics   Devices
and Data   and Media   and Printing
Application Model
Windows Kernel Services
Desktop and Internet Apps
HTML   C Language   C#.NET
JavaScript   JavaScript   VB.NET
MS Internet Explorer   Win32   .NET
MS Edge    
DOM: Document   Windows API   Framework
Object Model    
Windows Kernel Services

SYS-ED has been reviewing white papers, developer journals, and evaluating information from Microsoft sponsored developerís conferences regarding coding techniques and best practices for XMAL coding through the WinRT APIs to the: 1- Communication and Data, Graphics and Media, and Devices and Printing subsystems 2- Application Model, and 3- Windows Kernel Services. The SYS-ED training service provides guidelines on the tradeoffs involved in coding MS Windows Style Apps (formerly Metro) in relation to Desktop Apps. The differences in the application model for the MS Windows Style Apps and Windows Kernel Services are taught.

Training Programs: MS Development Platforms

SYS-ED teaches these training programs:

MS SQL Server C++ Client-side Scripting MS Scripting - PowerShell
MS VB.NET MS C# MS SharePoint UNIX/Linux Scripting

Course search engine subject matter and examples can be substituted or included in a training program.

Specialized Training

These courses can be taught standalone or incorporated into an industry standard training program.

 Website Development MS SQL Server and Azure Microsoft Mobile Device Application Development MS OSS and Hybrid Development
Mobile Device Database Implementation Containerization MS Phone Application Development Android Application Development

Programming Language Training Services

MS Application Development Language Courses
SYS-ED's programming language courses are tough, but they're worth it. Our challenging MS application development platform training is used by Fortune 1000 companies, government municipalities, and healthcare providers to meet their staffing requirements and acquire specialized expertise with MS scripting languages, Visual C++ and MFC, and mobile device programming. 2

SYS-ED's courseware draws upon a library of examples, sample programs, exercises, and case studies to teach Microsoft application development and scripting.

Teaching is Our Business
Most computer training companies are divisions of large software or consulting companies. Not SYS-ED. Our only goal is to provide quality computer training for information technology professionals. This independence allows us to concentrate on teaching.

Our Teachers Know How to Teach
SYS-ED instructors combine teaching skills with experience in designing, coding, debugging, and tuning programs. Our staff has been working with Microsoft development platform, languages, and .NET since the late 1980's. We provide insights into interrelated areas of information technology: web servers, Linux- variants, open source software, Oracle, and interrelated areas of information technology. After a course, they are available to answer questions.

Enrollment - SYS-ED Programming Language Courses are Not for Everyone
No one is allowed to enroll in a SYS-ED .NET course, without a consultation with our Director of Education. We review the operational objectives and project specifications for the organization evaluating whether to send its employee for the training. The employee only is allowed to enroll if they have the background corresponding to the course.

Programming Language Training Services - Distance-learning or at Your Office
SYS-ED programming language courses are provided over the Internet through a distance-learning delivery medium or classroom instruction. Client location courses can include the same examples, workshop, and case studies as the distance-learning service offered through the SYS-ED schedule.

Technology Exchange Websites

SYS-ED websites compile, organize, and present software specific and established operational categorizations of information technology. They provide a framework for assessing knowledge transfer: web-based training, classroom instruction, courseware, learning paths, and validation assessment.

Footnote 1:

The information regarding the trends in the Microsoft Corporation programming language and development strategies was aggregated and analyzed from:

Bloomberg Business Week Information Week Microsoft authorized white papers Microsoft Edge / Azure - Advertisements
Microsoft website New York Post - transcripts New York Times
TechTarget Publications Wall Street Journal Web Buyers Guide Technology Product Update Yankee Group 2007-2008 Global Server OS Reliability Study

Footnote 2:

SYS-EDís core programming language courses are being prepared for submission to the New York State Department of Education - Bureau of Proprietary School Supervision for review and licensing.


Technology, Architecture, and Applications by Gautam Shroff, Cambridge University Press 2010